Death Penalty is Morally Wrong

The death penalty is an ancient form punishment reserved for the people regarded as having performed serious crimes such as murder, kidnapping and rape. However, the penalty remains a controversial issue with the opponents and proponents of the penalty disagreeing on its moral correctness, effectiveness and cruelty. While some countries have abolished the death penalty in favor of a life sentence, the death penalty remains in force in many countries. A morally wrong action is any conduct that conflicts with the society’s values and beliefs. The arguments regarding the moral correctness of the death penalty mainly concern the requirement to apply moral standards when dealing with serious crimes considering that degree of harm or pain inflicted on the victim. This essay will demonstrate that the death penalty is morally wrong.

Opponent view

The capital offence covers crimes that often involve the offender taking away the life, property or liberties of the victim. The main goals of the death penalty are deterrence and retribution. Imposing the death penalty denies the criminal the opportunity to inflict pain and suffering to other innocent people in the future. Furthermore, the punishment deters other people from engage in similar crimes. On the other hand, the main goal of retribution is to punish the criminal for his acts (FindLaw para 8). Crimes such as murder, rape and robbery with violence involve the offender inflicting much pain and suffering on the victim. Therefore, the appropriate retribution should involve inflicting the same amount of pain and suffering to the offender (Ridolfi 27). This argument gives the state the moral right to take way the lives of criminals because such a punishment is morally suitable given the nature of the crime (Kramer 15). Thus, the execution of a murderer is the only suitable response to his or her decision to kills another person. Furthermore, the issue of the risk of imposing the death penalty on an innocent person is avoidable through effective criminal investigations so that only the guilty criminals face the death sentence.

Proponents’ view

The moral question surrounding the death penalty concerns the right of the state to kill criminals. The moral law held by all civilized societies is that human life is sacred and thus must be cherished and protected. It is wrong for the state to kill other people against their will considering that the state is a collection of persons. If the individual does not possess the right to kill another person as a punishment, then the state should not have the moral right to execute the death penalty (Barry 245). All religions, which are the basis of human values and beliefs, regard killing another human as morally wrong and the state should not be an exception. The state’s right to kill people is an artificial right that involves the moral authority derived from the product of human social and political setup. The actions of the agents of the state are only just to the extent to which they serve the needs and interests of the individual. Therefore, any action by the state that conflicts with the moral values and expectations of the collection of individuals under that state is morally unacceptable ((Wellman 148). The political powers of the state to make laws regarding the penalties of death originate from the natural rights of the individuals in that state. Capital punishment not only inflicts physical pain to the offender but also psychological pain due to the certainty of death at a predetermined time (McLaughlin 672). While it is true that some criminals deserve serious punishments for committing heinous crimes, the death sentence does not serve any utilitarian purpose (Leyte-Vidal and Silverman 271). Furthermore, the numerous cases of innocent people getting the death sentence means that the implications of the moral wrong committed in executing innocent people outweighs the need for retribution because the state is not different from the criminal in such a case.

Conclusion

The state is the only entity with the right to kill another person as a form of punishment. One of the main obligations of the state is to enforce just laws. Cruelty and inhumane treatment for criminals for constitute one of the considerations in the implementation of just laws. The enforcement of laws should focus on protecting and permitting all individuals to exercise their rights in a just and fair manner to all. The state should use all the necessary means to fulfill its obligations to the citizens. Balancing the need to punish serious crimes and the humane treatment of all human beings is important. The most reasonable alternative to the death penalty is the life imprisonment. This punishment allows the state to balance its obligation to behave in a morally correct way and still protect the rights of its citizens. A life imprisonment is morally right and fair to both the victim and offender because it upholds the value of human life while ensuring proper justice for the victim. Furthermore, a life imprisonment removes the offender from the society and this fulfills the need for security for its citizens and deterring other people from committing similar crimes.

BEST-ESSAY-WRITERS-ONLINE

GET QUALITY ESSAY HELP AT: https://www.allaplusessays.com/

ORDER A PAPER WRITTEN FROM SCRATCH AND TO YOUR EXACT INSTRUCTIONS (All A+ Essays.COM – For 100% Original Content)

Answers

Related Questions

Performance measurement and program evaluation...

Performance measurement and program evaluation Performance measurement is a common aspect of program evaluation. Is performance measurement more criti...

Policy Analyst...

Policy Analyst To what extent do you think policy analysts should become engaged in advocating for the implementation of their recommended results? Wh...

Nuclear Plant...

Nuclear Plant Your company is planning to construct a nuclear power plant in Oregon. Why is stakeholder analysis important as a precondition of the de...

Temp-To-Fulltime Workers Research and Information...

Temp-To-Fulltime Workers Research and Information for Job Hunters The owner of Work Now, a nonprofit job referral agency, has asked a few of his emplo...

4 Categories of Consumer Products...

4 Categories of Consumer Products What are the four different categories of consumer products? How could you promote each category and motivate consum...

What are current issues facing CEOs?...

What are current issues facing CEOs? A world of interconnections, fast pacing, constant change and systemic impatience. Given that frame, what are som...

Rankings and Forced Ranking Systems...

Rankings and Forced Ranking Systems HRM 538 “Performance Management” Week 8 Discussion 1: “Rankings” 1. Compare and contrast forced, absolute,...

traditional triple constraints of time...

traditional triple constraints of time Please help with the following problem. What are the triple constraints in a Traditional Project Management Fra...

Common causes and special causes...

Common causes and special causes Please help with the following problem involving business management. Provide at least 100 words in the solution. Exp...

Product Design and Capacity...

Product Design and Capacity Please help with the following: How is process selection related to product design and capacity determination?Below is a...

Program Evaluation Model Used in Lack-of-Safety Sc...

Program Evaluation Model Used in Lack-of-Safety Scenario Please help to describe a scenario where program evaluation could be used effectively within...

How a Mentor and Orientation can Assist Career Dev...

How a Mentor and Orientation can Assist Career Development Propose three ways that a mentor and a new employee orientation can assist employees with t...

Malescowski – Southern Discomfort...

Malescowski – Southern Discomfort 1. Analyze and describe the issues faced by Malescowski and the company and the reasons for these issues. 2. Descr...

Changing in Management Practice...

Changing in Management Practice Please critique the following article: Child, J., Pitkethly, R., & Faulkner, D. (1999). Changes in Management Practice...

Range Values for Foreclosures...

Range Values for Foreclosures Filings By Est. Market Value—The number of foreclosures that have received either a Notice of Default or Notice of Sal...

Topics on Environmental Science...

Topics on Environmental Science Please help me with the following questions, as I am having hard time in incorporating all together. Please write 4 co...

Developing a Career Development Plan for an Organi...

Developing a Career Development Plan for an Organization If you were charged with developing a career development plan for an organization, what cours...

Performing an Effective PRA within Healthcare Orga...

Performing an Effective PRA within Healthcare Organizations What are the different types of methods that can be used in order to perform an effective...

Complex Knowledge...

Complex Knowledge What is complex knowledge and what are some topics surrounding it?Step 1 Complex knowledge is knowledge that is accrued by human bei...

Scheduling – Gantt and PERT Charts...

Scheduling – Gantt and PERT Charts Scheduling is essential to a project’s success. Forming a network activity with a visual depiction helps the te...

Matching Employees & Organization...

Matching Employees & Organization What are some leadership methods that may distinguish between and identify productive from unproductive workers? Wha...

Good Management Practices...

Good Management Practices Discuss from your experience some of the most important components of good project management practices. What is your view o...

Perceptions and Stereotyping...

Perceptions and Stereotyping Please help with a good example of stereotyping that you have witnessed or have personally experienced. Present the event...

Open Systems Theory: Organization, Group, and Job...

Open Systems Theory: Organization, Group, and Job Level Discuss the similarities and differences among the organization, group, and job levels in open...

If you didn't find the right answer

Ask Your Questions, We'll notify you once someone answers it