KIM WOODS

 

Week 3 - Discussion

 

Your initial discussion thread is due on Day 3 (Thursday) and you have until Day 7 (Monday) to respond to your classmates. Your grade will reflect both the quality of your initial post and the depth of your responses. Refer to the Discussion Forum Grading Rubric under the Settings icon above for guidance on how your discussion will be evaluated.

 

  Week Three Discussion

 

There is only one discussion this week. Your instructor will be choosing the discussion question and posting it as the first post in the discussion forum. The requirements for the discussion this week are a minimum of four posts on four separate days. The total combined word count for all of your posts, counted together, should be over 300 words. Be sure to answer all the questions in the prompt and to read any resources that are required to complete the discussion properly. In order to satisfy the posting requirements for the week, please complete your initial post by Day 3 (Thursday) and your other posts by Day 7 (Monday). We recommend that you get into the discussion early and spread out your posts over the course of the week.  Be sure to reply to your classmates and instructor. Try to attempt to take the conversation further by examining their claims or arguments in more depth or responding to the posts that they make to you.  Keep the discussion on target and try to analyze things in as much detail as you can.

 

Bottom of Form

 

·        

 

 

Week 3 - Discussion Prompts PHI 208 Week 3 Discussion Question Prompts Instructions: There will be one discussion in week 3.   Please select one of the prompts from the set below and post it with your reply as an initial post in the discussion this week.  During the week, please reply to your classmates and/or instructor three times.  Try to be in discussion at least two or three days this week!  Thank you, Prof. Chris Think of someone real or fictional whom some people regard as a “hero” for helping others, stopping something bad or evil, and so forth, even though by doing so they violated what would normally be considered a moral rule(focus on morality; don't simply think of someone who broke the law). For example, they may have lied, broken a promise, stolen, harmed someone innocent, or even murdered, but done so with good intentions. (Note: this last part is crucial: make sure you explain what it was that they did that would otherwise be morally questionable. Also, it need not be someone you think is a hero.) Try to think of any example that we would either all be familiar with, or something we can easily look up (in other words, don’t just make something up or describe something generic). Many examples are given in the guidance and the readings, including people like Robin Hood, Edward Snowden, etc. Please don’t use an example that someone else has already used! Now here’s the fun part: once you have thought of your example, evaluate what they did according to Kant’s Categorical Imperative. Is what the person did moral, or immoral, according to the CI? Do you agree with this evaluation of the action? If you agree, how would you explain to the person in your own words why what they did was wrong? If you don’t agree, and think that what they did was morally right, how would you respond to the question, “what if everyone did that?” When responding to your peers, consider whether they have correctly applied the Categorical Imperative, and if they agreed with Kant, consider what a consequentialist might say; if they disagreed with Kant, consider what a Kantian might say, and use those considerations as a springboard for dialogue and discussion.   One of Kant’s ways of formulating (i.e., expressing in words) the Categorical Imperative says that "one should always treat humanity, whether in oneself or in another, always as an end and never merely as a means". This is often called the "Formula of Humanity" (or sometimes the "Formula of the End-In-Itself"). Briefly explain in your own words what you think Kant means by that. Consider a specific example from the world of business, either one that you have directly encountered or one you heard about, in which a company honored this principle, and consider an example in which a company failed to honor this principle.  Be sure to clearly explain your example with respect to Kant’s theory, and refer to the other readings on business ethics when appropriate.  If you find the example from a source on the Internet or in an article be sure to share that with your classmates.  Discuss whether or not you believe that businesses could actually run according to a Kantian moral framework or if they must necessarily break Kant’s laws in order to function according to business principles.   Is it ever morally permissible to lie to someone? Describe a circumstance in which it seems that lying might make more people happy than telling the truth.  Would lying be the right thing to do in that circumstance, or is it our moral duty to tell the truth, even then?  Consider what Immanuel Kant would say, and explain that with reference to this week’s readings.  Then, offer your own perspective.  If you agree with Kant, consider and respond to an objection to his view.  If you disagree with Kant, explain why.  Discuss the positive and negative aspects of deontological theory as it relates to another of the theories you have encountered in this course.   Can acting out of a sense of one’s duty be the wrong thing to do? Think of an example in which someone (perhaps you) acted out of a sense of duty, even though by doing so one caused greater harm than if one had not acted, one failed to prevent harm from occurring, or one failed to bring about greater happiness.  Then, explain whether you think that (a) this person was right to do that despite the negative consequences; (b) it was wrong for this person to act in this way, despite the fact that it was their moral duty to do so; or (b) this person was mistaken about what their duty really was.    Be sure to back up your answer with argument and references to the text.  Discuss the positive and negative aspects of deontological theory as it relates to another of the theories you have encountered in this course.   Kant famously states that the only thing good without qualification is a good will. On this basis, he holds that we can do the “right action” but not out of a good will, and that only actions done from a good will are morally praiseworthy.  Do you agree with Kant?  Provide an example (real or made up) of someone doing a good thing but out of a motive other than that of a good will, and give reasons for why you think Kant is right, or why you think Kant is wrong that this action lacks moral value.  Discuss the importance of the will and how one can attempt to create a good will.  If you do not think a good will is important discuss your reasons for believing that the will is not important in ethical action.   One of Kant’s formulations of the Categorical Imperative says that one should always treat humanity, whether in oneself or in another, always as an end and never merely as a means. Consider a specific example from the world of business, either one that you have directly encountered or one you heard about, in which a company honored this principle, and consider an example in which a company failed to honor this principle. Be sure to clearly explain your example with respect to Kant’s theory, and refer to the other readings on business ethics when appropriate.  If you find the example from a source on the internet or in an article be sure to share that with your classmates.  Discuss whether or not you believe that businesses could actually run according to a Kantian moral framework or if they must necessarily break Kant’s laws in order to function according to business principles.   Using at least one quote from chapter six of Understanding Philosophy, describe the core principle of utilitarianism and discuss the problem of the “tyranny of the majority.” Find a real example of a current or past social practice, (or create your own fictional example) that illustrates this problem.  Complete your post by evaluating whether the overall good generated by the practice outweighs the suffering caused by the practice.   After watching the videos “Drones are Ethical” and “Drones are Not Ethical,” and taking note of the different considerations they make, identify one argument made in the videos that is clearly a utilitarian argument, and explain what makes it utilitarian. (It can be an argument for or against the use of drones).  Also identify an argument that would not be a utilitarian argument (this can also be an argument for or against the use of drones). Explain how this sort of argument differs from a utilitarian one (you do not need to identify what kind of argument it is instead, just to point out how the considerations are different than utilitarian ones).  Discuss with your peers whether the arguments they make are utilitarian or not, and the strengths and weaknesses of the different approaches.   After watching the 9-minute Films On Demand video “Religion, War and Violence: The Ethics of War and Peace,” provide an example of a war waged on the basis of retaliation against an aggressor, and a war waged on the basis of humanitarian intervention.   Discuss the differences between the ways in which these two kinds of war apply the utilitarian principle of the greatest good.  Be sure to identify whose greatest good is being served in each kind of war.  Complete your post by discussing which of these kinds of war is easiest to justify using utilitarian principles.   After watching Michael Walzer’s video on Just War Theory, explain his idea of the “moral equality of soldiers on the battlefield,” and discuss the ways in which this equality might complicate the utilitarian goal of promoting the greatest good for the greatest number.  

Manage Discussion Entry

 

 

Week 3 - Discussion Prompts

PHI 208 Week 3 Discussion Question Prompts

Instructions: There will be one discussion in week 3.   Please select one of the prompts from the set below and post it with your reply as an initial post in the discussion this week.  During the week, please reply to your classmates and/or instructor three times.  Try to be in discussion at least two or three days this week!  Thank you, Prof. Chris

 

2.          Think of someone real or fictional whom some people regard as a “hero” for helping others, stopping something bad or evil, and so forth, even though  by doing so they violated what would normally be considered a moral rule(focus on morality; don't simply think of someone who broke the law). For example, they may have lied, broken a promise, stolen, harmed someone innocent, or even murdered, but done so with good intentions. (Note: this last part is crucial:  make sure you explain what it was that they did that would otherwise be morally questionable. Also, it need not be someone  you think is a hero.)

Try to think of any example that we would either all be familiar with, or something we can easily look up (in other words, don’t just make something up or describe something generic). Many examples are given in the guidance and the readings, including people like Robin Hood, Edward Snowden, etc. Please don’t use an example that someone else has already used!

Now here’s the fun part: once you have thought of your example, evaluate what they did according to Kant’s Categorical Imperative. Is what the person did moral, or immoral, according to the CI?

Do you agree with this evaluation of the action? If you agree, how would you explain to the person in your own words why what they did was wrong? If you don’t agree, and think that what they did was morally right, how would you respond to the question, “what if everyone did that?”

When responding to your peers, consider whether they have correctly applied the Categorical Imperative, and if they agreed with Kant, consider what a consequentialist might say; if they disagreed with Kant, consider what a Kantian might say, and use those considerations as a springboard for dialogue and discussion.
 

 

3.     One of Kant’s ways of formulating (i.e., expressing in words) the Categorical Imperative says that "one should always treat humanity, whether in oneself or in another, always as an end and never merely as a means". This is often called the "Formula of Humanity" (or sometimes the "Formula of the End-In-Itself"). Briefly explain in your own words what you think Kant means by that. Consider a specific example from the world of business, either one that you have directly encountered or one you heard about, in which a company honored this principle, and consider an example in which a company failed to honor this principle.  Be sure to clearly explain your example with respect to Kant’s theory, and refer to the other readings on business ethics when appropriate.  If you find the example from a source on the Internet or in an article be sure to share that with your classmates.  Discuss whether or not you believe that businesses could actually run according to a Kantian moral framework or if they must necessarily break Kant’s laws in order to function according to business principles.
 

4.     Is it ever morally permissible to lie to someone? Describe a circumstance in which it seems that lying might make more people happy than telling the truth.  Would lying be the right thing to do in that circumstance, or is it our moral duty to tell the truth, even then?  Consider what Immanuel Kant would say, and explain that with reference to this week’s readings.  Then, offer your own perspective.  If you agree with Kant, consider and respond to an objection to his view.  If you disagree with Kant, explain why.  Discuss the positive and negative aspects of deontological theory as it relates to another of the theories you have encountered in this course.

 

 

 

o    Can acting out of a sense of one’s duty be the wrongthing to do? Think of an example in which someone (perhaps you) acted out of a sense of duty, even though by doing so one caused greater harm than if one had not acted, one failed to prevent harm from occurring, or one failed to bring about greater happiness.  Then, explain whether you think that (a) this person was right to do that despite the negative consequences; (b) it was wrong for this person to act in this way, despite the fact that it was their moral duty to do so; or (b) this person was mistaken about what their duty really was.    Be sure to back up your answer with argument and references to the text.  Discuss the positive and negative aspects of deontological theory as it relates to another of the theories you have encountered in this course.

 

 

 

5.     Kant famously states that the only thing good without qualification is a good will. On this basis, he holds that we can do the “right action” but not out of a good will, and that only actions done from a good will are morally praiseworthy.  Do you agree with Kant?  Provide an example (real or made up) of someone doing a good thing but out of a motive other than that of a good will, and give reasons for why you think Kant is right, or why you think Kant is wrong that this action lacks moral value.  Discuss the importance of the will and how one can attempt to create a good will.  If you do not think a good will is important discuss your reasons for believing that the will is not important in ethical action.

 

 

 

6.     One of Kant’s formulations of the Categorical Imperative says that one should always treat humanity, whether in oneself or in another, always as an end and never merely as a means. Consider a specific example from the world of business, either one that you have directly encountered or one you heard about, in which a company honored this principle, and consider an example in which a company failed to honor this principle. Be sure to clearly explain your example with respect to Kant’s theory, and refer to the other readings on business ethics when appropriate.  If you find the example from a source on the internet or in an article be sure to share that with your classmates.  Discuss whether or not you believe that businesses could actually run according to a Kantian moral framework or if they must necessarily break Kant’s laws in order to function according to business principles.

 

 

 

7.     Using at least one quote from chapter six of Understanding Philosophy, describe the core principle of utilitarianism and discuss the problem of the “tyranny of the majority.” Find a real example of a current or past social practice, (or create your own fictional example) that illustrates this problem.  Complete your post by evaluating whether the overall good generated by the practice outweighs the suffering caused by the practice.

 

 

 

8.     After watching the videos “Drones are Ethical” and “Drones are Not Ethical,” and taking note of the different considerations they make, identify one argument made in the videos that is clearly a utilitarian argument, and explain what makes it utilitarian. (It can be an argument for or against the use of drones). 

Also identify an argument that would not be a utilitarian argument (this can also be an argument for or against the use of drones). Explain how this sort of argument differs from a utilitarian one (you do not need to identify what kind of argument it is instead, just to point out how the considerations are different than utilitarian ones). 

Discuss with your peers whether the arguments they make are utilitarian or not, and the strengths and weaknesses of the different approaches.

 

 

 

9.     After watching the 9-minute Films On Demandvideo “Religion, War and Violence: The Ethics of War and Peace,” provide an example of a war waged on the basis of retaliation against an aggressor, and a war waged on the basis of humanitarian intervention.   Discuss the differences between the ways in which these two kinds of war apply the utilitarian principle of the greatest good.  Be sure to identify whose greatest good is being served in each kind of war.  Complete your post by discussing which of these kinds of war is easiest to justify using utilitarian principles.

 

 

 

10.                 After watching Michael Walzer’s video on Just War Theory, explain his idea of the “moral equality of soldiers on the battlefield,” and discuss the ways in which this equality might complicate the utilitarian goal of promoting the greatest good for the greatest number.

 

Answers

Related Questions

Due on Saturday...

Each layer of the Open Systems Interconnection (OSI) model has one or more protocol data units (PDUs) associated with it; in the case of Layer 2, at w...

Due on this Friday...

The Discussion Board (DB) is part of the core of online learning. Classroom discussion in an online environment requires the active participation of s...

Android development 400-600 words...

Based on your past experiences and the knowledge gained during your coursework, consider the following question and post a substantive initial post:Co...

Kim Woods...

Unit III Project  “How-to” Article  Write a "how-to" magazine article (written in third person) to appear in a business magazine geared toward...

Research proposal of black ethnic minority youth a...

 What should your PhD proposal contain? It is best to structure your proposal as follows: A working title – Your title should give a clear indicat...

Week 11 Discussion 2...

  Please no plagiarism and make sure you are able to access all resource on your own before you bid. One of the references must come from Broderick...

Week 11 Discussion 1...

  Please no plagiarism and make sure you are able to access all resource on your own before you bid. One of the references must come from Broderick...

questions need help...

 One of the key elements distinguishing strategic HRM is involving HR in the strategic planning (and plan) of the organization. Evaluate the practi...

Applying the Concept of Positive Deviance...

 Review the information in this week’s Learning Resources, including the first chapter in Pascale, Sternin, and Sternin book and the Bradley, Curry...

President Trump's Healthcare Reform...

 Your final draft should be a minimum of 8 pages long and should use a  minimum of 8 high-quality sources.  Please note five important aspects  of...

K nearest neighbor...

 The purpose of this assignment is to perform k-Nearest Neighbor classification, interpret the results, and analyze whether or not the information ge...

FINANCE 249...

  Part 1: Mutual Funds (20 marks)Go to GlobeFund or Morningstar and select six mutual funds, according to the      following requirements: one...

Kim Woods...

 Unit III Article Critique  People and Nature  For this assignment, you are going to critique an article you find on the web or in the CSU Online L...

Adding Your Evaluation...

  Assignment: Adding Your EvaluationHow does your voice fit in the scholarly conversation? How can you revise and align your opinions to participate...

Reflecting on Your Writing: Instructor Feedback...

  Reflecting on Your Writing: Instructor FeedbackAs a scholar and part of the intellectual community, you will want to understand ways to integrate...

WK6 Discussion EDUC 3303...

Discussion:  Organizing Your Approach  Throughout this course, you have explored the principles of motivation, how to create a motivating environmen...

Wk6 Discussion EDUC 4303...

Discussion: Child Poverty and Homelessness Child poverty and homelessness are two of the most complex problems faced by society today. Since 2000, the...

Discussion 3303 WK5...

Discussion: Personal Relationships  In "The Power of Personal Relationships" and "Hearts and Minds," Thomas Mawhinney, Laura Sagan, and Steven Wolk e...

Success Factors, Risk, and Projections of Kroger...

    Prompt: Research and assess Kroger grocery store's strategic priorities and behavior. You should investigate internal risks and non-moneta...

MGT 506 SLP 3...

I'm a Type B LeaderBackgroundThere have been many studies completed on the different styles of leadership. One of the most important ones focused...

MGT 506 Case 3...

BackgroundWe are all familiar with the concepts of transformational and transactional leadership, terms which were coined by James MacGregor Burns in...

MGT501 SLP 3...

Most of what is written about leadership has been written by western scholars and practitioners—mostly from the United States. Thus, what we have st...

MGT501 Case 3...

Once again, we will be considering an experience which has personal significance for you as a means of understanding the material from this module bet...

Personal Trainer Licensing Debate...

 Access the two following sources and read them entirely.http://www.nbfe.org/about/ps/http://www.ideafit.com/fitness-library/personal-trainer-licensi...

If you didn't find the right answer

Ask Your Questions, We'll notify you once someone answers it