Philosophy : Ethical Relativism

Running head: ETHICAL RELATIVISMCourse TitleStudent NameInstitution Affiliation1ETHICAL RELATIVISMETHICAL RELATIVISMIntroductionThe debate on whether ethical principles are relative or universal promises to rage on asdifferent perspectives are developed with time. Some philosophers argue that ethical principles areabsolute and universal, that they apply in all places and times. Others also argue that ethicalprinciples are relative and specific to a context, era or community. They claim that the environmentshapes the beliefs of every individual, and our cultures condition their views on what is right andwrong. Judging by these arguments, ethical principles are relative. Each person's belief dependson their culture, and no two groups of people can claim to share the same beliefs on a particularmatter at any given time. This paper will focus on the relativism of ethical values and the degreeto which our environment can shape our beliefs on what is wrong and right.Ethical relativism is the understanding that all customs, ethics and beliefs are relative tothe individual within his/her social context. The cultural difference states that "right" and "wrong"are culture-specific. What is deliberated as moral and ethical by one person may be regarded asunethical by another. No general standard of ethics exists so; nobody is supposed to judge peoplescustoms and beliefs.After reading the works of Benedict and Sumner, as well as Kant, I have come to aconclusio ...


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