Chemistry : Triphenylmethanol Lab Report Revised

Running head: TRIPHENYLMETHANOL AND THE TRITYL CARBOCATIONExperiment 30: Synthesis of Triphenylmethanol and the Trityl CarbocationStudents NameInstitutional Affiliation1TRIPHENYLMETHANOL AND THE TRITYL CARBOCATION2Experiment 30: Synthesis of Triphenylmethanol and the Trityl CarbocationI.IntroductionThe synthesis of triphenylmethanol and trityl carbonation involves Grignard reaction. Grignardreactions form carbon-carbon bonds. Hence, benzoic halides, tertiary and vinylic halides can beused in forming Grignard reagents. It involves the addition of organomagnesium halide to aketone forming secondary or tertiary alcohol. The process of the formation of the Grignardreagents requires a work up procedure since it undergoes two steps. This process leads to theformation of Grignard reagent which has a highly polarized covalent bond between magnesiumand carbon. Consequently, the two steps cause the formation of secondary and tertiary alcoholespecially when the Grignard reagent is added to the carbonyl compound such ester, aldehyde orketone.MechanismThe mechanism of the Grignard reaction proceeds through a nucleophilic addition mechanism. Itdonates electrons to the carbonyl group in ketone or aldehyde. The addition breaks the C-O bondforming a C-C bond with a negatively charged oxygen atom. The sterically hindered substratesreact based on the single electron transfer (SET) mechanism. This step leads to protonation oftertiary aldehydes or ketones formin ...


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