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Question 1 (1 point)

Which of the following statements best describes the benefit of gathering background information after you have a specific research topic in mind?

Question 1 options:

Gathering background information can help you keep track of your research to avoid plagiarizing.

Gathering background information can help you narrow the focus of your topic.

Gathering background information can help you fill in the gaps after you have finished your research to see what you may have missed on the topic.

Question 2 (1 point)

Once you have identified the key concepts of a topic or research question and thought of additional keywords (synonyms or related terms), the next step is to use a combination of key concepts and keywords to develop a __________.

Question 2 options:

search heading

search statement

subject heading

Question 3 (1 point)

Which is a vital component of effective search statements that allows you to combine search terms to broaden or narrow your search?

Question 3 options:



Boolean operators

Question 4 (1 point)

Match the appropriate search statement to the types of searches listed below.

Question 4 options:

network AND (security OR protection)

"network security"

network AND security

network* AND secur*

network NOT security

both search terms present

either search term present

excluding one search term

retrieves alternative word endings

search terms combined as a phrase

alternative keywords in a search

Question 5 (1 point)

Which is an example of a search statement correctly using the advanced searching technique nesting?

Question 5 options:

(apple OR pear) AND "farmer's market"

terms assigned to describe items in database

apple OR pear AND farm

Question 6 (1 point)

Which advanced searching technique is correctly used in the search statement: toddler AND "Montessori school"

Question 6 options:



no advanced searching technique is used in the search statement

Question 7 (1 point)

The production and use of __________ is typically cyclical.

Question 7 options:

database records

search statements

academic research

Question 8 (1 point)

A scientist generating data based on observations of the life cycle of a butterfly and a college student writing a critique of a work of art are both examples of:

Question 8 options:

peer review

secondary sources

information creation

Question 9 (1 point)

The most common types of information you will encounter when doing academic research are __________.

Question 9 options:

firsthand accounts and primary sources

MLA and APA citations

library databases and search engines

Question 10 (1 point)

Which of the following best describes the difference between primary and secondary sources?

Question 10 options:

Primary sources are sources of information or data that have not been interpreted, evaluated, or analyzed, and secondary sources are sources that interpret, evaluate, or analyze primary sources.

Primary sources are sources of information or data that are not interpreted, evaluated, or analyzed, and secondary sources are sources that only interpret, evaluate, or analyze secondary sources.

There is no obvious difference between primary sources and secondary sources.

Question 11 (1 point)

Your instructor told you that one of your selected sources listed below is not a secondary source. Which of these sources will you have to replace?

Question 11 options:

criminal justice textbook

literature review published in a law journal

all three are examples of secondary sources

Question 12 (1 point)

Your instructor told you that one of your selected sources listed below is not a primary source. Which of these sources will you have to replace?

Question 12 options:

prisoner's diary

criminal justice literature review

census data

Question 13 (1 point)

Which of the following statements best describes academic libraries? Academic libraries:

Question 13 options:

include four-year public college libraries, four-year private college libraries, university libraries, and two-year community college libraries.

include many that are open to the public and if you are unable to borrow materials, you can often use their resources on site.

all of the above

Question 14 (1 point)

The following statements describe government depository libraries, except:

Question 14 options:

Government depository libraries were established by Congress to ensure the American public has access to published US government information.

Government depository libraries often include state law libraries.

Government documents are available only in print form in a government depository library.

Question 15 (1 point)

Which of the following statements best describes public libraries? Public libraries:

Question 15 options:

do not vary in the amount and types of resources offered.

do not have electronic research databases.

are only located in cities or towns with more than 250,000 people.

Question 16 (1 point)

Which library research databases include information about articles published in magazines, journals, and newspapers?

Question 16 options:

statistical databases

reference databases

electronic book databases

Question 17 (1 point)

You need to locate an article that (1) is published by a university or professional association, (2) is authored by clearly defined experts with significant knowledge in the subject area, or scholars and/or researchers, and (3) includes a bibliography. Which source would best meet your needs?

Question 17 options:

an article from a trade publication

a magazine article

a scholarly journal article

Question 18 (1 point)

Choose which article title would most likely be described by the database subject headings victims of famine, Ireland, history.

Question 18 options:

"'Good Man, Mary!' Women Musicians and the Fraternity of Irish Traditional Music"

"How Many Irish Potato Famine Deaths? Toward Coherence of the Evidence"

"'The Gloomy Forebodings of this Dread Disease,' Climate, Famine and Sleeping Sickness in East Africa"

Question 19 (1 point)

Once you have (1) performed a search in a database, (2) reviewed the list of results, and (3) evaluated a specific source from the results list, what is the next step?

Question 19 options:

cite the source in your paper

evaluate the content of the source

determine the date it was published

Question 20 (1 point)

For your research paper on the history of Maui, you locate a source covering the overall history of the Hawaiian Islands. As you evaluate the source, however, you decide not to use it in your research because it never mentions Maui. This significant omission of information falls under what criterion for evaluating resources?

Question 20 options:




Question 21 (1 point)

Which of the following statements about when to cite sources is true?

Question 21 options:

If you paraphrase or summarize an idea from another work, you must also supply an in-text citation or reference to the source as well as a full citation at the end of your paper.

If you quote another work word for word, you do not have to put the passage in quotation marks and only need to use a citation in the text of your paper.

If you paraphrase or summarize an idea from another work, you must supply an in-text citation or reference to the source, but do not need a full citation at the end of your paper.

Question 22 (1 point)

Most citation styles require similar elements (e.g., author, publication date, title, etc.) to be included in the citation, no matter if you are using MLA style, APA style, or Chicago style.

Question 22 options:

Part 2

For a course on contemporary issues in science, you are assigned to write a research paper on a current issue. You have chosen the topic "genetically modified foods." Your assignment indicates that you should use a variety of resources, including books, articles, and websites, to find information for your paper.

Question 23 (1 point)

Applying evaluation criteria for web sources, which of the following seems most appropriate to use in your research on genetically modified foods?

Question 23 options:

essay on genetics in foods posted on a well-known university's website that is unfinished and has no author and no date

website of a vegetarian activist group that advocates organic food production

annotated bibliography on genetically altered crops published in 2013 by a federal agricultural agency

Question 24 (1 point)

Which of the following search statements would be most likely to retrieve relevant articles on the topic of the health risks of genetically modified foods for children with food allergies?

Question 24 options:

"genetically modified foods" AND health

(nutrition OR allergies) AND child*

health AND risk AND (child* OR youth) AND allergies

Question 25 (1 point)

You have found a journal article that analyzes recent trends in genetically engineered crop research. This article would be considered which type of information?

Question 25 options:


Question 26 (1 point)

After searching for information on your topic in the library catalog, web search tools, and library databases, you have still not found enough material on your topic. What should you do next?

Question 26 options:

narrow your keywords to include more specific terms on the topic

change your topic to one that is covered in your textbook

write the paper using the materials you found


You have found the following database record when searching for articles on your research topic. Use it to answer the next two questions.

Strategies to Evaluate the Safety of Bioengineered Foods
Delaney, Bryan
International Journal of Toxicology; Sept. 2007, Vol. 26 Issue 5, pp. 389–399
Health Source: Nursing/Academic Edition
Genetically modified foods
Transgenic plants
Herbicide resistance
Pesticide resistance
Analytical biochemistry
Food – Biotechnology

Question 27 (1 point)

What is the title of the article?

Question 27 options:

International Journal of Toxicology

Strategies to Evaluate the Safety of Bioengineered Foods

Genetically modified foods

Question 28 (1 point)

Which of the following is a subject heading for this article?

Question 28 options:

Health Source: Nursing/Academic Edition

Food – Biotechnology

Genetically modified organisms


You have found the following journal article citation in the library database Academic Search Complete.

Genetically modified food from crops: progress, pawns, and possibilities. By: Morin, Xenia. Analytical & Bioanalytical Chemistry, Oct. 2008, Vol. 392 Issue 3, pp. 333–340.

Question 29 (1 point)

Which of the following citations is the correct MLA format for an academic journal article from a library database?

Question 29 options:

Morin, Xenia. "Genetically Modified Food from Crops: Progress, Pawns, and Possibilities." Analytical & Bioanalytical Chemistryvolume 392, issue 3 (2008): 333–40.

Morin, Xenia. "Genetically Modified Food from Crops: Progress, Pawns, and Possibilities." Analytical & Bioanalytical Chemistry,vol. 392, no.3, 2008, pp.333–40. Academic Search Complete,doi: 10.1007/s00216-008-2313-4

Morin, X. "Genetically Modified Food from Crops: Progress, Pawns, and Possibilities." Analytical & Bioanalytical Chemistry392.3 (2008): 333–40. Academic Search Complete. University of Maryland University College. 22 Nov. 2009.

Question 30 (1 point)

You need to find a scholarly article on the laws and regulations governing genetically modified organisms. Based on the citation information (to help determine if it is scholarly) and article abstract (to help determine if it is relevant) below, this article is__________.

Citation Information:

State of exception in the regulation of genetically modified organisms in Brazil. By: Pelaez, Victor. Science & Public Policy(SPP), Feb. 2009, Vol. 36 Issue 1, pp. 61–71.

Author (Prof. Victor Pelaez) Affiliations: Department of Economics, Federal University of Paraná, Av. Pref. Lothário Meissner 632, 880210-170 Curitiba -- PR, Brazil.


The regulation of genetically modified organisms (GMOs) in Brazil has involved intense disputes between the three branches of government (legislative, executive and judiciary). This process arose out of a class-action suit that overruled a decision authorizing the commercial release of GM soybeans by the regulatory body.

Question 30 options:

relevant but not scholarly

irrelevant but scholarly

irrelevant and not scholarly

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