Running head: HEALTH & MEDICAL1Health & MedicalStudents Name:Instructors Name:Course:Date:HEALTH & MEDICAL2Theories and Models of Individual Health Behavior Textbook Chapters 4-7Health Belief ModeloKey constructsPerceived Susceptibility. Perceived susceptibility refers to beliefs about the likelihoodof getting a disease or condition. For instance, a woman must believe there is a possibility ofgetting breast cancer before she will be interested in obtaining a mammogram.Perceived Severity. Feelings about the seriousness of contracting an illness or ofleaving it untreated include evaluations of both medical and clinical consequences(for example, death, disability, and pain) and possible social consequences (such aseffects of the conditions on work, family life, and social relations). The combination ofsusceptibilityandseverityhasbeenlabeledasperceivedthreat.Perceived Benefits. Even if a person perceives personal susceptibility to a serioushealth condition (perceived threat), whether this perception leads to behavior changewill be influenced by the persons beliefs regarding perceived benefits of the variousavailable actions for reducing the disease threat. Other non-health-related perceptions, such as thefinancialsavingsrelatedtoquittingsmokingorpleasingafamilymember by having a mammogram, may also influence behavioral decisions. Thus,individuals exhibiting optimal beliefs in susceptibility a ...
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