Identify the work from symphony no 94 “Surprise”. 3rd Movement by Joseph Haydn and describe the way in which the composition expresses the specific qualities of the Classical music style. Explain what you like or admire about the work. Compare it to a specific modern musical work for which you might use the term “classic” or “classical”.
The third movement of Symphony No. 94 (track 25.1) is in minuet-and-trio form. It is among Haydn’s greatest works. In the very first section of the movement, the graceful cadences of the minuet last for only about 13 seconds, but in that short span, Haydn changes dynamics four times. He then repeats this first section, so that in the first 30 seconds of the composition, a total of eight changes in dynamics occur. The violins alone play the quiet, or piano, passages, and the full orchestra the loud, or fortissimo, passages. This opening theme, with all its contrasting elements, is followed by the second theme of the opening minuet, after which the first theme briefly repeats, followed in turn by a repetition of the entire second theme. The trio manipulates the themes of the first minuet, lending them an entirely different texture, as first horns and violins alternate and then oboes and bassoons replace the horns, adding a sudden and surprising shift to a minor key. Finally, the entire minuet repeats exactly. The full effect is one of almost stunning emotional range